Personality Tests are a way of determining the human’s constructs of personality. Most tests are of self-assessment with some outside observers. However, the self-assessment method can be misleading. It allows for improper motivation and poor self-actualization for answering self-identifying information. In addition, a self-assessment can lead to deception of test results to hide true personality outcomes. This is why it is very important for an outside person, close to the client, to join in the assessment phase of testing. This provides a check and balance to how outside individual may preserve their personality. Granted an outside person will have their perception of the test taker, it still can provide some relevant information. Each personality test is compared to that of population norms that reside in our culture. A rating scale or percentile is often used in providing feedback to the client on their personality. Tests are geared around statistical or theoretical development using inductive, deductive, and empirical strategies are encompassed in the creation of the test. Deductive assessment development starts with the measurement of either a constructor domain. Either represented to the fullest by the developer in regards to the attributes of each definition. An active assessment is developed from multiple facets of information. This method is not based on theoretical thought processes or constructs. With this development, a mass group can be assessed, which enables the administrator to analyze neutral relationships among each question and categorize the question into groupings for assessment. Empirical personality tests utilize statistical methods in the development of questionnaires. The target goal of this form of testing is to distinguish between two dimensions of personality. Personality in itself is the outward makeup that others see and perceive us to be. It allows us to distinguish who we are. The development of our personality is the organization of behavior patterns the create and emerge over a lifetime (“5 Major Theories of Personality Development,” n.d.).
Various Approaches to Developing Personality Tests
The development of various approaches to personality is very important. Each test focuses on a different method of gardening information. The rational approach is one of the most historical methods known. It relies heavily on logic and reasoning in its development (“[No title],” n.d., “Personality Tests,” n.d.). The test uses yes or no additives to such questions as “do you feel sad most of the time.” This method of assessment leaves much for the assessor to determine; it relies heavily on the skills and knowledge of the administrator to make the proper determination of the client. In the theory-based approach to the personality test, inventories are built using various personality traits with such techniques as projective methods. The focus in the therapy-based approach is the importance of the unconscious mind (“Personality test based on C. Jung and I. Briggs Myers type theory,” n.d.).
The criterion group approach uses an empirical method of test development. It takes two objectives and distinguishes between the two criterion groups. It uses population sampling with established characteristics. Factor analysis is another method of personality assessment. It uses a foundation of the empirical approach to interpreting interrelationships of vast variables. It looks to condense large personality traits into a reduced dimension of personality traits that can be viewed and assessed (“4 Aﬀective Test Construction,” 2016). There are two instruments that aid in the development of personality test projective and structured. Structure instruments are self-reporting standardized tests that leave the work to the client to determine the individual factors that make up their personality through a series of questions. Structure instruments can be broad and narrow in scope and can look at pathological or non-pathological aspects of personality. Projective instruments use ambiguous stimuli to answer questions (inkblots, phrases). Through the client’s observation and response to such ambiguous stimuli, we can gain insight into personal characteristics (“4 Aﬀective Test Construction,” 2016, “Objective Personality Tests – Psychological Testing,” n.d.).
Rational Approach Over Others
Each method of development in personality testing has its benefits and applicable designation for appropriate uses. With regards to Structured and projective instruments, both have limitations to their effectiveness. Each relies heavily on the client’s opinion of themselves. In addition, the validity and reliability of each are in question due to the nature in which the data is drawn. The rational approach is the most tried assessment available with over eighty years of review and refinement. It can be seen in various forms to this day and has evolved beyond just yes or no answers to questions. It is most effective when placed upon a scale ranging from “Most likely” to “least likely”(“Personality Tests,” n.d.).
Personality Approaches in Addiction Counseling
Personality tests can aid a counselor by establishing what type of personality a counselor is working with. It is proven that there are personalities that maintain a highly addictive nature that stirs compulsive behavior. This additive personality can increase the likelihood that a client will become more prone to addiction not just substance abuse, but to other areas of desire. Traits such as neuroticism, impulsivity, and novelty-seeking are profound in an addictive personality with a reduction in positive behaviors such as conscientiousness and persistence. In addition, genes can play a heavily in one’s personality. It has been scientifically proven the individuals with addictive behaviors have certain variables in their genetic coding that enables them to become compulsive or addicted to particular things. By a client taking a personality test we can determine if they possess an addictive personality. This will aid in determining the length in which treatment should be provided and recovery Maintainance sustained (“How Personality Tests Can Help Individualized Treatment,” 2016).
How Personality Tests Can Help Individualize Treatment. (2016, May 31). Retrieved October 14, 2019, from Positive Sobriety Institute website: https://www.positivesobrietyinstitute.com/personality-tests-can-help-individualize-treatment/
Personality Tests. (n.d.). Retrieved October 14, 2019, from U.S. Office of Personnel Management website: https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/assessment-and-selection/other-assessment-methods/personality-tests/